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Decreasing pressure injuries and acute care length of stay in patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury

Résumé Objectives: Identifying factors associated with the occurrence of pressure injuries (PI) during acute care and with longer length of stay (LOS), focusing on modifiable factors that can be addressed and optimized by the acute rehabilitation team. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: A single Level-1 trauma center specialized in SCI care. Participants: A cohort of 301 patients with acute TSCI was studied. Outcome measures: The primary outcome was the occurrence of PI during acute care stay. The secondary outcome was acute care LOS. Bivariate and multivariate logistic or linear regression analyses were performed to determine the association between non-modifiable factors and outcomes (PI of any stage and acute LOS), whereas bivariate and hierarchical multivariate logistic or linear regression analyses were used for modifiable factors. Results: When controlling for the level and severity of the TSCI, the occurrence of pneumonia (OR = 2.1, CI = 1.1–4.1) was significantly associated with the occurrence of PI. When controlling for the level and severity of the TSCI, the occurrence of medical complications (PI, urinary tract infection and pneumonia) and lesser daily therapy resulted in significantly longer acute care LOS (P < .001). Conclusions: Prevention of PI occurrence and the optimization of the acute care LOS represent crucial challenges of the acute rehabilitation team, as they are significantly associated with higher functional outcomes. Patients who develop pneumonia may benefit from more aggressive prevention strategies to reduce PI occurrence. Systematic protocols for the prevention of complications as well as greater volume of therapy interventions should be considered to optimize the acute care LOS.
AuteursGabrielle Gour-Provencal, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong, Debbie E. Feldman, Jean Bégin, Andréane Richard-Denis
Titre de revue/journal, volume et numéroThe journal of spinal cord Medecine, volume 44, numéro 6.
Langue de la publication et/ou de traductionAnglais (langue d’origine)
Année de parution2020
PaysQuébec, Canada
Institutions affiliéesHôpital Sacré-Coeur, Université de Montréal, Hôpital Ste-Justine
Lien vers la publicationhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8725680/
Type d’accès à la publicationGratuit
Mots clésSpinal cord injury, Pressure injuries, Length of stay, Acute care, Rehabilitation
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Précédent An intracortical neuroprosthesis immediately alleviates walking deficits and improves recovery of leg control after spinal cord injury
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