The impact of early spasticity on the intensive functional rehabilitation phase and community reintegration following traumatic spinal cord injury
|Context/Objectives: To determine the impact of spasticity presenting during the acute care hospitalization on the rehabilitation outcomes following a traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: A single Level 1 trauma center specialized in SCI care. Participants: 150 individuals sustaining an acute TSCI. Interventions: Not applicable. Outcome Measures: The total inpatient functional rehabilitation length of stay. The occurrence of medical complications and the discharge destination from the inpatient functional rehabilitation facility were also considered. Results: 63.3% of the cohort presented signs and or symptoms of spasticity during acute care. Individuals with early spasticity developed medical complications during acute care and during intensive functional rehabilitation in a higher proportion. They were also hospitalized significantly longer and were less likely to return home after rehabilitation than individuals without early spasticity. Early spasticity was an independent factor associated with increased total inpatient rehabilitation length of stay. Conclusion: The development of signs and symptoms of spasticity during acute care following a TSCI may impede functional rehabilitation outcomes. In view of its association with the occurrence of early spasticity, higher vigilance towards the prevention of medical complications is recommended. Early assessment of spasticity during acute care is recommended following TSCI.
|Andréane Richard-Denis, Bich-Han Nguyen, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
|Titre de revue/journal, volume et numéro
|The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, volume 43, numéro 4.
|Langue de la publication et/ou de traduction
|Anglais (langue d’origine)
|Année de parution
|Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur, Université de Montréal, Hôpital Sainte-Justine
|Lien vers la publication
|Voir le lien ci-dessous.
|Type d’accès à la publication
|Spinal cord injury, Spasticity, Rehabilitation, Acute care, Outcome